Connecting European Neuroscience

EJN Table of Content

EJN is the official scientific journal of FENS. Sign-in to the website as a FENS member and enjoy full, free and easy access to all published articles in EJN.

  • Issue Cover

    1. Issue Cover (May 2017) (page i)

      Version of Record online: 26 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13456

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      Cover image by Naoki Ihara, Ai Nakashima, Naosuke Hoshina, Yuji Ikegaya and Haruki Takeuchi

  • Issue Information

    1. Issue Information (page ii)

      Version of Record online: 26 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13584

  • EDITORIAL

    1. Open review and the quest for increased transparency in neuroscience publication (pages 1125–1126)

      John J. Foxe and Paul Bolam

      Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13541

  • COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE

    1.  

      Commentary on Featured article

      Ensuring that novel resting‐state fMRI metrics are physiologically grounded, interpretable and meaningful (A commentary on Canna et al., 2017) (pages 1127–1128)

      Katharine Dunlop and Jonathan Downar

      Version of Record online: 28 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13560

    2. Featured Article

      Interhemispheric functional connectivity in anorexia and bulimia nervosa (pages 1129–1140)

      Antonietta Canna, Anna Prinster, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Elena Cantone, Palmiero Monteleone, Umberto Volpe, Mario Maj, Francesco Di Salle and Fabrizio Esposito

      Version of Record online: 21 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13507

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      The functional interplay between hemispheres has been investigated in anorexia and bulimia nervosa with inter‐hemispheric functional connectivity measures. Compared to healthy subjects, inter‐hemispheric homotopic connectivity and spectral coherence were reduced in anorexia and bulimia patients in regions implicated in self‐referential, cognitive control and reward processing. Inter‐hemispheric connectivity may gather novel functional markers to explore aberrant features of eating disorders.

    3. Visual appearance of a virtual upper limb modulates the temperature of the real hand: a thermal imaging study in Immersive Virtual Reality (pages 1141–1151)

      Gaetano Tieri, Annamaria Gioia, Michele Scandola, Enea F. Pavone and Salvatore M. Aglioti

      Version of Record online: 14 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13545

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      Combining immersive virtual reality with the emerging technique of infrared thermal imaging, we show that the passive observation in first person perspective of a natural looking virtual limb causes a strong illusion of embodiment and a weak increase of temperature of the real hand with respect to observation of a non‐natural virtual limb or limb‐shaped non‐corporeal objects that cause, in turn, a weak illusion of embodiment and a high increase of temperature.

    4. The effect of reward expectation on the time course of perceptual decisions (pages 1152–1164)

      Annalisa Tosoni, Giorgia Committeri, Cinzia Calluso and Gaspare Galati

      Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13555

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      We found that the expected reward for a perceptual decision modulates the activity of both sensory‐motor regions of the fronto‐parietal cortex and sensory‐related regions of the inferior temporal cortex. Reward modulations in these regions (i) were not apparent before the onset of the sensory stimulus but only during the interval in which the perceptual decision was formed; (ii) were normally stronger during easy than difficult decisions; and (iii) were differently linked to the preferred response effector in the pointing‐ vs. saccade‐selective regions of the posterior parietal cortex.

    5. Is territorial expansion a mechanism for crossmodal plasticity? (pages 1165–1176)

      M. A. Meredith, H. R. Clemo and S. G. Lomber

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13564

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      Following sensory loss (e.g., deafness), a proposed mechanism underlying crossmodal plasticity is that the territory of a deprived brain region (area ‘A’) is taken over by neighboring, more active regions of the brain (enlarged area ‘B’ – bottom left). However, the present study determined that a crossmodally reorganized (‘Reorganized area A’) cortical region retains its areal distinctions (connectivity, cytoarchitectonics, and function – bottom right), which is not consistent with being incorporated (large X) into another area (area ‘B’).

    6. Online and offline effects of cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation on motor learning in healthy older adults: a randomized double‐blind sham‐controlled study (pages 1177–1185)

      Afshin Samaei, Fatemeh Ehsani, Maryam Zoghi, Mohaddese Hafez Yosephi and Shapour Jaberzadeh

      Version of Record online: 3 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13559

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      A‐tDCS on cerebellar region produced more short‐term and long‐term offline reaction time as compared to sham tDCS in healthy older individuals. The participants in sham group could not maintain the short‐term or long‐term offline reaction time and error reduction, while cerebellar a‐tDCS group could significantly reduce reaction time even 48 hours post intervention. The findings suggested that Cerebellar a‐tDCS might be useful for improvement of offline motor learning in healthy older individuals.

  • NEUROSYSTEMS

    1. Visuomotor signals for reaching movements in the rostro‐dorsal sector of the monkey thalamic reticular nucleus (pages 1186–1199)

      Yosuke Saga, Yoshihisa Nakayama, Ken‐ichi Inoue, Tomoko Yamagata, Masashi Hashimoto, Léon Tremblay, Masahiko Takada and Eiji Hoshi

      Version of Record online: 24 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13421

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      The rostro‐dorsal sector of the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRNrd) projects via the motor thalamic nuclei, such as X and VLo, to the ventral premotor cortex (PMv). In monkeys performing a visually guided task, TRNrd and PMv neurons showed visual‐, set‐, and movement‐related activity modulation. These results indicate that TRNrd modulates the information flow from the cerebellum and basal ganglia to the PMv via the motor thalamic nuclei for achieving visually guided reaching movements.

    2. The rhythm of the executive gate of speech: subthalamic low‐frequency oscillations increase during verbal generation (pages 1200–1211)

      Lars Wojtecki, Saskia Elben, Jan Vesper and Alfons Schnitzler

      Version of Record online: 31 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13429

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      Subthalamic stimulation with alpha‐theta frequency exerts beneficial effects on verbal fluency in Parkinson's disease, leading to the assumption that an alpha‐theta oscillatory network involving the subthalamic nucleus underlies such a task performance. Subthalamic local field potential recordings revealed a significant alpha‐theta local power increase and enhanced alpha‐theta coherence between the subthalamic nucleus and frontal EEG during a verbal generation task. Improvement of verbal fluency during subthalamic alpha‐theta stimulation is therefore likely due to an enhancement of alpha‐theta oscillatory network activity.

    3. Splenius capitis is a reliable target for measuring cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in adults (pages 1212–1223)

      Aaron J. Camp, Chao Gu, Sharon L. Cushing, Karen A. Gordon and Brian D. Corneil

      Version of Record online: 1 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13536

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      The cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) provides a simple test of the vestibulospinal pathway. cVEMPs are mostly commonly recorded from the sternocleidomastoid muscle on the ventral neck while subjects maintain an uncomfortable posture needed to recruit this muscle. Here, we show that splenius capitis on the dorsal neck offers a complimentary target for cVEMPs that can be obtained while subjects adopt a simpler head‐turned posture.

    4. Functional connectivity in amygdalar‐sensory/(pre)motor networks at rest: new evidence from the Human Connectome Project (pages 1224–1229)

      Nicola Toschi, Andrea Duggento and Luca Passamonti

      Version of Record online: 21 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13544

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      It is unclear whether the putatively direct anatomical connections between the amygdala and sensory/(pre)motor cortices previously identified in animals and humans have functional significance. We addressed this issue and found that the amygdala and sensory/(pre)motor cortices could be identified as part of the same resting‐state functional connectivity circuit. Our study highlights the importance of examining potential abnormalities in limbic/motor networks in neuro‐psychiatric disorders.

    5. Species‐specific diversity in the anatomical and physiological organisation of the BNST‐VTA pathway (pages 1230–1240)

      Jennifer Kaufling, Delphine Girard, Marlène Maitre, Thierry Leste‐Lasserre and François Georges

      Version of Record online: 28 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/ejn.13554

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      Using consistent anatomical, molecular, and electrophysiological approaches we compare, in rats and mice, the functional connectivity between anteromedial part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (amBNST) and dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a projection especially implicated in fear and anxiety. We found that this complex projection includes both GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons, a denser BNST‐VTA projection in mice than rats, and a more potent excitatory influence of the amBNST on VTA‐DA neuron activity in rats than in mice. This study provides new evidence on rodent interspecies differences in this projection, and has important implications for understanding the processing of anxiogenic information, and further highlights the importance of taking into account the choice of animal model for experimental design and interpretation.

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FENS Forum

The FENS Forum of Neuroscience is the largest international neuroscience meeting in Europe, involving all neuroscience societies members of FENS, and held biannually on every even year.

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The new EJN Dopamine Special Issue

This special issue celebrates the 90th birthday of Oleh Hornykiewicz by showcasing contributions from participants of the Dopamine 2016 meeting.

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EJN Transparent Peer Review

Transparent Peer Review for Greater Accountability:

All of the peer review documentation (referees' reports, authors' responses, editors' comments and the names of the reviewers) will be open and interlinked to the published article.

Access EJN borchure.

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