In collaboration with FENS and Wiley-Blackwell, EJN is proud to announce that the winner of the "Best Publication Award 2019" is Dr. Steidl, Associate Professor at Loyola University Chicago, Department of Psychology.
He receives this award for his publication in EJN:
"Optogenetic excitation in the ventral tegmental area of glutamatergic or cholinergic inputs from the laterodorsal tegmental area drives reward" (published in EJN Volume 45, Issue 4, February 2017). This paper was coauthored by Huiling Wang, Marco Ordonez, Shiliang Zhang and Marisela Morales.
Converging evidence shows that ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neurons receive laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDTg) cholinergic and glutamatergic inputs. To test the behavioral consequences of selectively driving the two sources of excitatory LDTg input to the VTA, channelrhodopsin‐2 (ChR2) was expressed in LDTg cholinergic neurons of ChAT::Cre mice (ChAT‐ChR2 mice) or in LDTg glutamatergic neurons of VGluT2::Cre mice (VGluT2‐ChR2 mice). Mice were tested in a 3‐chamber place preference apparatus where entry into a light‐paired chamber resulted in VTA light stimulation of LDTg‐cholinergic or LDTg‐glutamatergic axons for the duration of a chamber stay. ChAT‐ChR2 mice spent more time in the light‐paired chamber and subsequently showed conditioned place preference for the light‐paired chamber in the absence of light. VGluT2‐ChR2 mice, entered the light‐paired chamber significantly more times than a light‐unpaired chamber, but remained in the light‐paired chamber for short time periods and did not show a conditioned place preference. When each entry into the light‐paired chamber resulted in a single train of VTA light stimulation, VGluT2‐ChR2 mice entered the light‐paired chamber significantly more times than the light‐unpaired chamber, but spent approximately equal amounts of time in the two chambers. VTA excitation of LDTg‐glutamatergic inputs may be more important for reinforcement of initial chamber entry while VTA excitation of LDTg‐cholinergic inputs may be more important for the rewarding effects of chamber stays. They suggest that LDTg‐cholinergic and LDTg‐glutamatergic inputs to the VTA each contribute to the net rewarding effects of exciting LDTg axons in the VTA.
The award will be presented at the FENS Regional Meeting in Belgrade, Serbia (10 - 13 July 2019). The award winner will give a lecture at this meeting.